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UNIVERSITY OF CAMBRIDGE INTERNATIONAL TESTS

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GCE Ordinary Level

INDICATE SCHEME intended for the October/November 2009 issue paper

to get the advice of teachers

2251 SOCIOLOGY

2251/01

Newspaper 1, optimum raw indicate 90

This mark system is posted as an aid to instructors and individuals, to indicate certain requirements of the exam. It displays the basis on what Examiners had been instructed to award represents. It does not show the details with the discussions that took place in an Examiners' meeting before observing began, which usually would have considered the acceptability of alternative answers. Draw schemes should be read in conjunction with the question papers and the survey on the examination.

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CIE will not enter discussions or correspondence in connection with these indicate schemes.

CIE is publishing the draw schemes pertaining to the October/November 2009 question papers for most IGCSE, GCE Advanced Level and Advanced Subsidiary Level syllabuses and a few Ordinary Level syllabuses.

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Mark Scheme: Teachers' version

GCE O LEVEL – October/November 2009

Syllabus

2251

Newspaper

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Section A: Exploration Methods

Observational research aims to gain a detailed and in depth understanding of a certain area of research, usually a tiny group, through the researcher studying the group in their surrounding. This form of study can be either player or non-participant. Observational studies can also be executed in a covert or overt way. When it comes to overt statement the researchers will expose their personality to the group they are learning; in hidden observation they are going to remain concealed.

Observational research tend to generate qualitative instead of quantitative info. Although the studies may develop in-depth data, they can lack reliability and there may be issues in saving the observations.

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(a) In sociological research, precisely what is meant by following conditions: (i) individual observation

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Definitions should refer to the active participation of the researcher in the group they are learning. 2 represents for a crystal clear definition, you mark for the partial definition. (ii) quantitative data

[2]

Definitions should refer to sociological evidence that is certainly measurable and it is normally stated in the form of stats. 2 represents for a crystal clear definition, one particular mark for any partial description.

(iii) trustworthiness.

[2]

Explanations should label whether it is likely to replicate the method of information collection in the same way and to obtain the same results. a couple of marks for the clear definition. 1 draw for a partial definition.

(b) Describe the between player and non-participant observation

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Participant statement refers to the direct involvement of the specialist when studying a particular social group. nonparticipant observation identifies the not involvement in the researcher once observational studies are performed.

0–2 An incomplete description of both conditions, or a complete description of just one of the types of statement. 3–4 A complete description of both terms.

(c) Explain one advantage and one particular disadvantage in carrying out overt observation.

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Advantages consist of: overt observational studies give a valid, true-to-life picture of social your life; it may be in order to that may provide an accurate photo of group interaction, and enables fresh research ideas to emerge during the research method. It continues to be easy to record. Any other sensible response. one particular mark to get a partial solution, 2 markings for a total description. Cons may include: the research may lead to a great observer result therefore damaging the quality of the research; the observer may only have got a limited comprehension of interactions because they are not directly involved. Any other affordable response. one particular mark for a partial response, 2 marks for a full description.

В© UCLES 2009

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Mark Scheme: Teachers' variation

GCE To LEVEL – October/November 2009

(d) Describe two...